what are the 7 steps in interview

The 7 Steps in the Interview Process

Navigating a job interview successfully requires preparation, strategy, and execution. The following expanded guide delves deeper into the seven essential interview process steps, providing a comprehensive roadmap for job seekers.

Step 1: Research and Preparation

Thorough preparation is the foundation of a successful interview. It helps answer the questions more effectively and shows the interviewer that you’re genuinely interested in the role and the company.

Understanding the Company

Dig into the company’s history, mission, and values. Look for recent press releases, news articles, and industry reports that can give insights into the company’s current goals and challenges. Understanding the company’s products and services, competitors, and market position will enable you to tailor your answers to show how you can contribute to the company’s success.

Analyzing the Job Description

The job description provides key information about the skills and qualifications the employer is seeking. Identify the hard and soft skills mentioned and think of specific examples from your past experiences demonstrating these abilities. Recognize the responsibilities that come with the role and be ready to discuss how you can fulfill them.

Mock Interviews and Practicing Common Questions

Practice answering typical interview questions with a friend or mentor or in front of a mirror. Pay special attention to questions about your strengths, weaknesses, and previous work experiences. Use the STAR method to structure your responses, ensuring you convey a clear narrative. Don’t just rehearse answers; practice active listening, as it’s an essential skill during the actual interview.

Step 2: Making a Positive First Impression

First impressions are formed quickly and can have a lasting impact on the interviewer’s perception of you.

Dressing for Success

Your attire should align with the company’s culture. If it’s a corporate environment, a suit might be appropriate. For a startup, business casual might be more fitting. Ensure your clothes are clean, ironed, and professional.


Plan your route and transportation options, aiming to arrive a bit early. This accounts for any unexpected delays and allows you to compose yourself before the interview begins.

Body Language

Your body language can communicate confidence and enthusiasm. Practice a firm but not overpowering handshake, maintain good eye contact without staring, and sit straight without appearing rigid. Small nods and smiles indicate you’re engaged and following the conversation.

Step 3: The Interview

This is the main event where your preparation will come to fruition.

Building Rapport

Be polite to everyone you meet from the moment you arrive. Engage the interviewer with a smile and a courteous greeting. Small talk can help establish a connection and ease into the interview.

Answering Questions with the STAR Method

The STAR method can help you provide concrete examples in a compelling narrative form for behavioral questions. This technique helps prevent rambling and ensures your answers are succinct and relevant.

Asking Insightful Questions

Prepare a list of questions regarding the position, team dynamics, expectations, and the company’s plans. This demonstrates your interest in the role and helps you assess if the company fits you.

Step 4: Selling Yourself

The interview is your opportunity to convince the employer that you are the best candidate.

Highlighting Relevant Skills and Experiences

Connect your skills and experiences directly to the job requirements. Prepare to talk about specific projects or roles you’ve had and the results you achieved. Use metrics and examples to quantify your successes where possible.

Demonstrating Your Fit for the Company Culture

Share examples that showcase your ability to adapt to different environments and work with diverse teams. Express how your values align with the company’s, and discuss how your work ethic and approach to challenges would make you a valuable addition to their team.

Showing Enthusiasm

Passion can be a deciding factor between two equally qualified candidates. Express your excitement about the role and the company, and articulate how this opportunity aligns with your career goals.

Step 5: Handling Difficult Questions

Challenging questions can derail an interview if you’re not prepared to address them tactfully.

Staying Calm and Composed

When faced with a tough question, take a moment to collect your thoughts. Ask for clarification to ensure you understand what’s being asked. Use this pause to breathe and structure your thoughts.

Being Honest

If a question targets a weaker area, acknowledge it and discuss the steps you’re taking to improve. This shows self-awareness and a commitment to personal and professional growth.

Redirecting to Strengths

Try to pivot from your weaknesses to related strengths or learning experiences. For example, if asked about a skill you lack, mention how you’ve successfully learned similar skills.

Step 6: Closing the Interview

The end of the interview is your chance to leave a lasting impression and address any points that may not have been covered.

Summarizing Key Points

Reiterate your interest in the position and briefly summarize your qualifications and fit. This concise conclusion should encapsulate your enthusiasm for the opportunity and your potential contribution to the company.

Expressing Gratitude

Always thank the interviewer for their time and consideration. This courtesy demonstrates professionalism and can reinforce a positive impression.

Inquiring About Next Steps

Before leaving, ask about the next steps in the hiring process. This shows that you’re eager to move forward and allows you to gauge the timeline for follow-up.

Step 7: Post-Interview Follow-Up

A thoughtful follow-up can keep you on top of your mind and demonstrate your continued interest in the position.

Sending a Thank You Note

Within 24 hours of the interview, send a personalized thank you note or email to each person who interviewed you. Express appreciation for their time, reiterate your interest in the role, and include a brief mention of why you believe you are a good fit. This is not just about courtesy; it’s an additional chance to sell yourself.

Reflecting on the Interview

Reflect on what went well and what could have been improved. Write down questions you found challenging, and plan how you might answer them differently.

Staying in Touch

If you haven’t heard back by the time they indicated they would make a decision, sending a polite follow-up email is appropriate. Reaffirm your interest in the position and inquire about the status of the hiring process.

By meticulously preparing for each step of the interview process, candidates maximize their chances of making a solid impression and ultimately securing the job. It combines showcasing your qualifications, fitting culturally, expressing genuine interest, and maintaining professionalism.


Mastering the interview process is essential for job seekers to stand out in a competitive market. The seven-step guide here equips candidates with a robust framework, from meticulous preparation to thoughtful follow-up. Remember, each interview is an opportunity to refine your approach, showcasing your skills, adaptability, and passion for the role.

Internalizing these steps and learning from each experience can enhance your interviewing prowess and increase your chances of securing that coveted job offer. Approach each interview as a stepping stone in your career path, and with persistence, the right opportunity will come your way.